Literally it is technology that utilises living things as scientific tools to make a product or to solve problems.

The Egyptians were already using biotechnology in 1550 BC when they used yeasts and the malting process to make bread,beer and wine.

However the term "biotechnology" actually came about in 1917 referring to the use of large scale fermentation production.

Today "biotechnology" is used not only in reference to fermentation technology, but to any technology which has a basis in biological knowledge.

All of that biological knowledge comes from many years of research that was done in the name of scientific knowledge and to solve the pressing challenges to humanity.

Biotechnology is using information about biological systems to develop techniques for commercial production of food, pharmaceuticals, environmental protection, biochemicals and clinical assays.